Who We Treat

Neurocognitive Disorders

Neurocognitive Disorders involve a disturbance or deficit in cognition as a prominent feature. Of the various neurocognitive disorders, the various Dementias and Cognitive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) are discussed here.

Dementia of the Alzheimer’s Type is a Neurocognitive Disorder that involves deterioration in cognitive function such as language disturbance, impairment in carrying out motor activities, inability to recognize objects, and difficulties with planning, organizing, and sequencing life activities. The diagnosis also requires the presence of memory impairment. The course of illness typically has a gradual onset and continuing decline in functioning over time. These symptoms significantly interfere with academic, work, or social relationships and represent a decline from previous functioning.

Vascular Dementia is a Neurocognitive Disorder that involvesdeterioration in cognitive function such as language disturbance, impairment in carrying out motor activities, inability to recognize objects, and difficulties with planning, organizing, and sequencing life activities. The diagnosis also requires the presence of memory impairment. Neurological signs and symptoms or laboratory results indicate cerebrovascular disease, which is the cause of the dementia. These symptoms significantly interfere with academic, work, or social relationships and represent a decline from previous functioning.

Other Dementias which are Neurocognitive Disorders are the result of substances, HIV, head trauma, Parkinson’s Disease, Huntington’s Disease, Pick’s Disease, or Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. These dementias are caused by medical disorders or direct insults to the brain.

Cognitive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) is a Neurocognitive Disorder that involves a disturbance or deficit in cognition but does not meet criteria for any specific Neurocognitive Disorder.  This diagnosis is often given to patients with serious depressive, bipolar, or psychotic disorders when there is evidence that neurocognitive dysfunction is caused by the underlying psychiatric disorder.