A Personality Disorder is a persistent and enduring pattern of self, thoughts, feelings, and behavior that is pervasive and inflexible, occurring across a variety of situations and settings such as work, school, and interpersonal relationships. The symptoms of a Personality Disorder are at odds with the patient’s culture. Onset of a Personality Disorder occurs in late adolescence or early adulthood, characterizes the patient’s functioning over long periods of time, and results in impairment or distress.
There are several different Personality Disorders, as follows:
• Paranoid Personality Disorder involves chronic distrust and suspiciousness toward others.
• Schizoid Personality Disorder involves disengagement from social relationships and limited emotional expressiveness.
• Schizotypal Personality Disorder is characterized by great discomfort in social relationships, eccentric behavior, and distortions in thoughts or perceptions.
• Antisocial Personality Disorder is diagnosed when the patient exhibits a pervasive pattern of disregard for others and violation of the rights of others.
• Borderline Personality Disorder involves instability in interpersonal relationships, emotions, self-perception, and chronic impulsivity.
• Histrionic Personality Disorder is diagnosed when the patient exhibits exaggerated attention seeking behavior or excessive displays of emotion.
• Narcissistic Personality Disorder is diagnosed when the patient exhibits a pattern of grandiosity, need to be admired, and poor empathy with others.
• Avoidant Personality Disorder involves social withdrawal, hypersensitivity to rejection, and chronic feelings of inadequacy.
• Dependent Personality Disorder is characterized by an excessive need to be taken care of which results in submissive and clingy behavior.
• Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder involves excessive preoccupation with perfectionism, control, and order.
• Personality Disorder NOS (Not Otherwise Specified) is diagnosed when the patient is considered to have a Personality Disorder but does not meet criteria for any specific Personality Disorder.