Did you know? A series of mental health insights from The Arroyos.
8 Most Common Dual Diagnosis Conditions

Listed below are the eight most common dual diagnosis conditions and the most common drugs of choice
addicts use to alleviate the symptoms.

  • 1

    Bipolar Disorder

    Symptoms: Intense shifts in mood, energy and functioning between depression and mania.

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Alcohol or cocaine, depending on whether that are in a dpressive cycle or manic cycle.

  • 2

    Post-Traumatic
    Stress Disorder
    (PTSD)

    Symptoms: Nightmares, hypervigilance, detachment and recurring distress after and extreme traumatic event (war, assault).

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Alcohol, benzodiazepines and sleeping pills to find relief from symptoms.

  • 3

    Attention Deficit
    Hyperactivity
    Disorder (ADHD)

    Symptoms: Persistent pattern of inattention and inability to focus and/or hyperactive-impulsivity.

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Alcohol and/or stimulant abuse creates a heightened sense of focus or relaxation.

  • 4

    Anxiety

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Alcohol, benzodiazepines and, occassionally, cocaine. An anxious person continues using alcohol and drugs to avoid discomfort.

  • 5

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Marijuana or alcohol to slow down obsessive thoughts.

  • 6

    Depression

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Alcohol slows down and depresses sensation to mask mood.

  • 7

    Panic Disorder

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Psychiatric drugs like benzodiazepines and alcohol in social situations.

  • 8

    Schizophrenia

    Most Commonly Abused Drugs:

    Nicotine, caffeine and other stimulants temporarily relieve disruptions and some hallucinations.

Source: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)